Towards a People’s Anthropology – Chapter five

Towards a People’s Anthropology – Chapter five

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Book title:  Towards a People’s Anthropology
Author: Fei Xiaotong
Book series name and number:  Understanding China and the World series Vol. 1, No. 1
Book series editors: ZHENG Hangsheng and Xiangqun Chang
Numbers of page: 200
Publishers: London: Global China Press; Beijing: New World Press
Publishing date: November 2018
Language: English
Product Dimensions: 244x170mm
ISBN 978-1-913522-00-1 (paperback, English)
DOI https://doi.org/10.24103/UCW1.en.pb.2018
Price: £25.99
ISBN 978-1-913522-01-8 (hardback, English)
DOI https://doi.org/10.24103/UCW1.en.hb.2018
Price: £51.99
DOI https://doi.org/10.24103/UCW1.en.2018.5
Price: £10.00

This article is based on a speech made at McGill University, Montreal, Canada, as its Cummings lecturer, 1979.

It concludes, “The modern world trend seems to be that more and more people are learning to speak a diversity of tongues rather than evolving a universal language. While exercising the freedom to use their own languages, therefore, it would be expedient for the nationalities in China to learn as many languages of the other nationalities as possible.”

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Chapter Five

Modernization and national minorities in China

CHINA has set her goal for becoming a modern socialist country before the end of the 20th century. She aims to catch up with advanced world levels in the fields of industry, agriculture, national defense and science and technology. This is a tremendous job.

China wants to become modernized not only because she has the urgent need to do so but also because the possibility now exists for her to do so. Such a possibility had not always been present.

It is common knowledge that China had been in her time a strong economic power. But in recent centuries, she had been outstripped by other nations first in the scientific and technological fields, then in industrial and agricultural development. In the last hundred years or more, with a decaying feudal rule at home and the infiltration of imperialism from abroad, she had been subjected to the indignities of a semifeudal, semicolonial country. Any major development of science and technology was impossible.

……